Synthesis and characterization of chitosan mini-spheres with immobilized dye as affinity ligand for the purification of lactoperoxidase and lactoferrin from dairy whey
Urtasun, Nicolás; Mignon, Arn; Martinez Alvarez, Lucas Manuel; Baieli, María Fernanda; Hirsch, Daniela Belén; et al.; Synthesis and characterization of chitosan mini-spheres with immobilized dye as affinity ligand for the purification of lactoperoxidase and lactoferrin from dairy whey; Elsevier Science; Separation and Purification Technology; 255; 9-2020; 1-12
Martinez Alvarez, Lucas Manuel
Baieli, María Fernanda
Hirsch, Daniela Belén
Wolman, Federico Javier
Lactoperoxidase (LP) and lactoferrin (LF) are two interesting proteins present in dairy whey due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties. LP and LF are traditionally purified using cation-exchange chromatography, but since the concentration of these proteins in sweet whey are very low (0.03–0.06 g/L for LP and around 0.08–0.20 g/L for LF), clarification, diafiltration, concentration and/or depletion of others whey proteins prior to the ion-exchange chromatography is needed to obtain good adsorption yields. After their elution from the matrix, the overall process results in variable yields. Due to their similar physico-chemical properties, a high cross-contamination is usually present, especially for the LP fraction, where part of the LF is co-eluted. The development of novel supports with immobilized affinity and/or multimodal ligands aims to the direct adsorption of the target proteins even at low concentration and without the need of a pre-treatment of the source. Herein, a new, low-cost support material using chitosan mini-spheres with Orange R-HE triazine dye as immobilized ligand (CMS-Orange R-HE) was synthesized, physico-mechanically characterized and used for the purification of LP and LF by a one-step direct adsorption from dairy whey and a two-step elution process, with minor cross-contamination. CMS-Orange R-HE matrix showed a compression modulus of 47.6 ± 9.8 kPa, predominantly elastic deformation and an open-porous structure with mesopores around 5–20 nm and without ink-bottle pores, ideal for protein purification applications. The affinity between LP and LF for CMS-Orange R-HE matrix was characterized using the Langmuir isotherm model (Kd = 0.48 ± 0.07 mg/mL and 0.31 ± 0.09 mg/mL; qmax = 77.5 ± 4.0 mg/g and 56.0 ± 2.1 mg/g, respectively). Adsorption studies showed that LP interaction with CMS-Orange R-HE was partially influenced by the presence of ionic strength (p < 0.05), whereas LF adsorption was not. These differences of both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions between LP and LF with the CMS-Orange R-HE matrix were used to develop a differential elution process using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). By one-step direct adsorption from dairy whey and two differential elution steps –by using the CMS-Orange R-HE matrix- LP and LF were obtained with good yields (≈70% for LP and ≈60% for LF), high purity and with minor cross-contamination between them. The strategy presented here, could be applied in other cases of cross-contamination between two proteins, being especially interesting for its application in multimodal chromatography.