Artículos de revistas
Phenols removal in musts: Strategy for wine stabilization by laccase
Journal Of Molecular Catalysis B-enzymatic. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 45, n. 41732, n. 102, n. 107, 2007.
The potential of laccase from Trametes versicolor for phenolic removal in must for wine stabilization was evaluated through a combination of an analytical methodology (capillary zone electrophoresis) and kinetics of phenols removal as the total antioxidant potential variation. Total phenolic content, total antioxidant potential and polyphenols were monitored from 0 to 3 h of must treatment. The results indicated that the treatment of a red must with laccase affect mainly the phenolic compounds responsible for the must antioxidant properties. The treatment of white musts with laccase showed higher reduction in total phenol than in the total antioxidant potential. Phenol degradation by laccase was very fast for catechins, and slowly for stilbenes (cis- and trans-resveratrol) and derivatives of cinnamic (ferulic and caffeic) and benzoic (syringic, vanillic, and gallic) acids. It is possible to conclude in this case that the use of laccase in white wines is perfectly feasible. This would allow softer and ecologically correct treatments, which would diminish the cost of processing and avoid deterioration of wines for long storage times. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.4541732102107