Development of praziquantel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles and evaluation of intestinal permeation by the everted gut Sac model
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Stevenson Ranch: Amer Scientific Publishers, v. 6, n. 9-10, p. 3057-3061, 2006.
Mainardes, Rubiana Mara
Chaud, Marco Vinicius
Gremião, Maria Palmira Daflon
Evangelista, Raul Cesar
Praziquantel has been shown to be highly effective against all known species of Schistosoma infecting humans. Spherical nanoparticles made of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) acid with controlled size were designed as drug carriers. Praziquantel, a hydrophobic drug, was entrapped into the polymeric nanoparticles with 30% (w/w) of theoretical loading. The nanoparticles size was approximately of 350 nm with 66% of encapsulation efficiency. The everted gut sac model shows to be efficient to evaluate the drug permeation through the intestinal membrane. The results show that free praziquantel presents 4-fold times more permeation than praziquantel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles and physical mixture. For this drug, in special, this result can be interesting, since the nanoparticulate system can behave as a drug reservoir and/or to have a more localized effect in intestinal membrane for a prolonged period of time, since great amounts of parasites can be usually found in the mesenteric veins.