Percepção dos atores do setor de software sobre a política de ciência, tecnologia, inovação e industrial dos anos 2000
IEIS, Fabiana. Percepção dos atores do setor de software sobre a política de ciência, tecnologia, inovação e industrial dos anos 2000. 2013. 138 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Tecnologia) - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, 2013.
This dissertation investigates what the selected actors’ perception on the formation and management of science, technology and innovation policies and industrial policies for the software industry from the 2000s. This is to identify the respondents' perception in relation to the guidelines of Science, Technology and Innovation Policies and Industrial Policies. While investigating the selected sector it is observed that there are a number of laws and policy instruments that support and benefit it, mainly, in the dimension of financing and incentive to the export, moreover, is an intensive sector in labor of higher level of knowledge, has modern environmental characteristics and requires relatively low initial investments. The software activities have been found scattered in the various economic sectors and have the potential to improve the productivity and competitiveness of these sectors in that they modernize and facilitate the organizational and productive processes by means of its products and services. To seek to understand the actors’ perception on the policy guidelines this study adopted as method the bibliographical research of qualitative character and interviews that were performed through semi-structured questionnaires in order to investigate the respondents’ perception on the process of formulation and conduct of the policies for the software industry in Brazil, from the 2000s. For this, nine interviews were conducted, with a convenience sample representation by the institution for the sector and the political dynamics in the sector In order to classify the actors’ perception it was performed a qualitative categorization of actors ' perception on the policies, in order to analyze whether the plans have shown to be positive or negative for the development of the chain and if have shown advances in its conduction over time, for this it was elaborated, from the interpretation of reports of the interviews, a plan of analysis composed of the axes: evolution of the policy plans and evolution of the chain software dynamics. As a result, this research shows that the interviewed actors generally participate in formulation of policies, has good knowledge of the plans, and that all respondents consider that there have been advances in the dynamics of the sector, but attributed this progress more to the national economic development than the performance of policies in the sector.