Predictors of short and long term recurrence of suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder
Rodante, Demián E.; Grendas, Leandro; Puppo, Soledad; Vidjen, Patricia; Portela, Alicia; et al.; Predictors of short and long term recurrence of suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder; Wiley Blackwell Publishing, Inc; Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica; 140; 2; 6-2019; 158-168
Rodante, Demián E.
Rojas, Sasha M.
Chiapella, Luciana Carla
Daray, Federico Manuel
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of suicidal outcomes and risk factors for short- and long-term recurrence of suicidal behavior (SB) among high-risk borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients during a 24-month prospective follow-up period. Methods: A multicenter prospective cohort study was designed to compare data obtained from 136 patients admitted to the emergency department for current suicidal ideation (SI) or a recent suicide attempt (SA). Subjects were clinically evaluated and monitored for a new SA or suicide. Results: The incidence of a new SA was 25.63 events/100 persons-year, and one patient died by suicide. Child sexual abuse (CSA) was the only significant predictor throughout the complete follow-up period. The absence of prior psychiatric treatment predicts the recurrence of SB in the first 6 months of follow-up. Patient age, poor psychosocial functioning before hospitalization, age at first SA, and having multiple suicide attempts increased risk of SB recurrence at the long-term period (24th months). In addition, there was an interaction between CSA and poor psychosocial functioning that increased risk of SB. Conclusion: The risk of recurrence was higher during the first 6 months. Risk factors at 6 and 24 months vary. These findings are important for implementing suicide strategies.