Co-treatment of an oily sludge and aged contaminated soil: permanganate oxidation followed by bioremediation
Mora, Veronica Cecilia; Morelli, Irma Susana; Rosso, Janina Alejandra; Co-treatment of an oily sludge and aged contaminated soil: permanganate oxidation followed by bioremediation; Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science; Journal of Environmental Management; 261; 01-5-2020; 1-9
Mora, Veronica Cecilia
Morelli, Irma Susana
Rosso, Janina Alejandra
The bioremediation of an oily sludge (321 ± 30 mg of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons/kgDRY SLUDGE and 13420 ± 1300 mg of aliphatic hydrocarbons/kgDRY SLUDGE) by mixture with contaminated soil (23 ± 2 mg of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons/kgDRY SOIL and 98 ± 10 mg of aliphatic hydrocarbons/kgDRY SOIL) was studied. Furthermore, the effect of oxidative pretreatments (persulfate and permanganate) on the performance of the global process was examined. The treatments reached contamination levels lower than the original residues, indicating the presence of synergic processes between a highly contaminated sludge and soil with a selected hydrocarbon-degrading community. Pretreatment with permanganate significantly improved biodegradation, possibly due to the increase in bioavailability and biodegradability of petroleum hydrocarbons. Two months of incubation was enough to reach the complete elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 92% elimination of aliphatic hydrocarbons. Monitoring using five parameters (concentration of total petroleum hydrocarbons, total cultivable heterotrophic bacteria count, lipase and dehydrogenase activities, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria count) as an approach for a preliminary scanning of the effectiveness of a treatment is proposed based on principal components analysis.