Multi-resistant plant growth-promoting actinobacteria and plant root exudates influence Cr(VI) and lindane dissipation
Simón Solá, María Zoleica; Lovaisa, Nadia Carolina; Dávila Costa, José Sebastián; Benimeli, Claudia Susana; Polti, Marta Alejandra; et al.; Multi-resistant plant growth-promoting actinobacteria and plant root exudates influence Cr(VI) and lindane dissipation; Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd; Chemosphere; 222; 5-2019; 679-687
Simón Solá, María Zoleica
Lovaisa, Nadia Carolina
Dávila Costa, José Sebastián
Benimeli, Claudia Susana
Polti, Marta Alejandra
The aims of this study were (1) to isolate new multi-resistant actinobacteria from soil, rhizosphere and plant samples collected from an ancient illegal pesticide storage and (2) to elucidate the effects of these microorganisms developed with maize root exudates on lindane and Cr(VI) removal. Fifty-seven phenotypically different actinobacteria were isolated and four of them, belonging to the genus Streptomyces exhibit tolerance to a mixture of lindane and Cr(VI). Two rhizospheric strains named as Streptomyces sp. Z38 and Streptomyces sp. Z2 were selected to be grown with root exudates because they showed the highest Cr(VI) and lindane removal in co-contaminated medium. When root exudates were the only carbon source, metal dissipation increased significantly either as single or mixed contaminant, compared to metal dissipation with glucose. No significant differences were found on lindane removal with root exudates or glucose, so a higher lindane concentration was evaluated. Despite of this, lindane removal remained stable while metal dissipation was notoriously lower when lindane concentration was enhanced. In addition to a good performance growing with mixed contaminants, Streptomyces strains showed plant growth promoting traits that could improve plant establishment. The results presented in this study show the importance of the screening programs addressed to find new actinobacteria able to grow in co-contaminated systems. It was also evidenced that root exudates of maize improve the growth of Streptomyces strains when they were used as carbon source, being the dissipation of Cr(VI) considerably improved in presence of lower lindane concentration.