Artículos de revistas
Potencia de los músculos inspiratorios en insuficiencia cardíaca crónica y en enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica
Background: The maximal pressure generated by inspiratory muscles (PIMax) is an index of their strength which is diminished in both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Although inspiratory muscle power output (IMPO), which includes both strength and velocity of shortening, has been shown to be reduced in COPD, there is no information regarding IMPO in CHF. Aim: To measure Impo in patients with CHF and COPD. Patients and methods: We studied 9 CHF patients with functional capacity II and III and 9 patients with severe COPD. Eight normal subjects of similar ages were included as controls. Power output was measured using the incremental threshold loading test. Results: Maximal IMPO was significantly reduced in both groups of patients. Power output developed with each increasing load was also diminished, basically as a consequence of a reduction in <IMG SRC="../img/v.gif" WIDTH=9 HEIGHT=12>insp. The degree of dyspnea at the end of the test was greater in COPD than in CHF patients and normal subjects. For a given level of power, dyspnea was also greater in patients than in normals subjects. There was no decrease in SpO2 during the test. Conclusions: IMPO is equally reduced in COPD and CHF patients. Power output is better related to dyspnea than PIMax, probably because of the inclusion of shortening velocity (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 51-59).