CARACTERÍSTICAS FÍSICO-MECÂNICAS DE PAINÉIS DE LÂMINAS PARALELAS REFORÇADOS COM FIBRA DE VIDRO
BULIGON, Ediane Andreia. PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LAMINATED VENEER LUMBER REINFORCED WITH FIBERGLASS. 2011. 99 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Recursos Florestais e Engenharia Florestal) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2011.
Buligon, Ediane Andreia
The aim of the present research was to evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of LVL reinforced with fiberglass with two types of resins. Pinus elliottii veneers with 1,5 mm thickness were used to manufacture of the LVL panels. The panels were manufactured in two steps. The first one was the assembling of the LVL panels with nine layers of wood veneer glued with phenol-formaldehyde resin. The second step consisted into reinforcing the LVL with fiberglass impregnated with epoxy resin (E) or isophthalic resin (I). The treatments were: panels without reinforcement (T), panels reinforced with one fiberglass layer (E T1 e I T1), panels reinforced with two fiberglass layers (E T2 e I T2) and panels reinforced with four fiberglass layers (E T3 e I T3). The size of panel was 45 cm x 34 cm x 1,08 cm. The physical properties tested were density and moisture content. The mechanical properties tested were: static bending in flatwise and edgewise position, modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR); glueline shear strength by compression loading; hardness test; and non-destructive test by ultrasound method. The epoxy and the isophthalic resin showed similar mechanical performance among the different treatments.The resistence and stiffness of the panels were influenced by the reinforcement. The MOE in flatwise position was influenced by one reinforcement layer and the MOR was influenced by two reinforcement layers. In the edgewise position the MOE and the MOR values remained constant among the treatments with two fiberglass reinforcement layers. The MOE in nondestructive test had higher values when compared with the destructive method, however these values remained stable with two layers of reinforcement. Two layers of reinforcement on the tensile and compression side had higher values in hardness test. The epoxy resin presented higher glueline resistence and higher percentage of wood failure. Isophthalic and phenolic resin presented similar values of glueline strenght, however the isophthalic resin had lower percentage of wood failure. Thus, the reinforcement with one layer of fiberglass imprenated with epoxy resin on the tensile side would be enough to promote the mechanical qualities of LVL.