Análise de estabilidade de retificadores com correção de fator de potência empregando modelos lineares periódicos no tempo
SCAPINI, Rafael Zanatta. Stability analysis of power factor correction rectifiers employing linear time periodic models. 2012. 200 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia Elétrica) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2012.
Scapini, Rafael Zanatta
Many control techniques applied to converters with power factor correction (PFC) use cascaded control to compensate the output voltage and the input current. These techniques usually employ linear time-invariant (LTI) models and ignore the periodic output voltage oscillation by using compensator with low-pass characteristic. To ensure correlation between the rectifier and its LTI model, as well as power factor correction, these techniques reduce the crossing frequency, which result in a closed-loop voltage with poor dynamic response. Aiming to reduce the time-response designers have associated notch filters into the controller to increase the bandwidth. These filters increase the attenuation in ripple frequencies making possible to enlarge system bandwidth without compromising power factor correction. However, increasing the crossing frequency enhances the interaction between ac output components and the feedback system. In these cases, linear time-invariant (LTI) approach can not adequately represent the closed loop dynamics. As a result, LTI stability analysis based on LTI approach is no longer valid. On the other hand, a better dynamic representation can be achieved by using linear time-periodic models (LTP). These models include the modulation effects inherent in the output voltage dynamics. This work presents an alternative systematic methodology to perform the stability analysis for continuous-time closed-loop control systems using linear time-periodic (LTP) models. This methodology use an LTP representation in frequency domain called harmonic transfer function (HTF). This method extends the multi-variable LTI techniques for LTP approach. Finally is detailed the stability analysis of full-bridge and half-bridge single-phase PFC rectifiers. Theoretical, simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed technique.