VIOLÊNCIA INTRAFAMILIAR: PERCEPÇÕES DE CRIANÇAS ESCOLARES QUE VIVEM EM ABRIGO
GABATZ, Ruth Irmgard Bärtschi. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE CHILD S WORLD WHO LIVES IN INSTITUTION.. 2008. 102 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2008.
Gabatz, Ruth Irmgard Bärtschi
Domestic violence against children represents an important issue in public health due to its higher taxes of morbidity and mortality. At the same time it constitutes a social and professional challenge. Familiar violence that is continuous throughout the generation, reinforcing it in the culture as a normal thing. Thus, we aimed understand how the institutionalized children experience the domestic violence in order to reach subsides to face it and prevent it. It is a qualitative research with a descriptive-exploratory approach which applied the Creative and Sensitive Method. The study was carried out in two institutions where living children and adolescents that suffered domestic violence in the southern Brazil. The study participants were 4 children, 2 girls and 2 boys between 8-11 years-old. 2 dynamics of creativity and sensibility were conducted with 4 participants each one: Playing in Act and Body Knowledge. In the first one aimed know how was the children s life in the familiar home environment that they came from. In the second one, the objective was known how the children s bodies were cared in the familiar home environment under their perspective. The institution ethical committee approved this study. In order to understand the abused children s language the analytical tools of the French Discourse Analysis were applied to the data. The findings pointed at several motives to children s institutionalization such as: mother s mental disorders, alcohol abuse and physical aggression. Mothers were the main aggressor. The types of violence founded the physical, sexual and negligence. The head, arms, legs and buttock were indicated by children as main points to physical violence. The boys discourses revealed feelings as love and affection by relative that take care of them. At the same time, they revealed the disregard by relative that practiced violence against them. The girls discourses pointed out the hygiene care as the unique kind of care that they received in their family. We recommend that the domestic violence are emphasized in the teaching, clarifying it causes, consequences and recognize it as a public health issue. The professionals must to know how to direct victims and aggressors. We believe in a preventive work developed together families since the reproductive plan, pre-natal care and delivery. We suggest a humanizing policy centered in actions that are possible the bond between mother-child and the familial relationships in the daily life. So, this study intends to contribute to minimize the domestic violence occurrences.