Sala de aula invertida: uma abordagem para combinar metodologias ativas e engajar alunos no processo de ensino-aprendizagem
Schmitz, Elieser Xisto da Silva
This study is part of a master's research carried out in the Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologias Educacionais em Rede. It presents the results of the investigation on the theoretical-practical conceptual approximation between flipped classroom approach and knowledge and skills of teachers in the context of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), by means of production and provision of a multimedia courseware on the concept under study. In this teaching approach, the student has contact with the basic information about the study content before class. Thus, the school time is extended to develop practical activities oriented on understanding and problem solving, and to offer personalized guidance. The research proposal was focused on the presentation of the elements that characterize and define flipped classroom to later question the degree of familiarity, applications, and interest of UFSM‘s teachers in this model. The research was justified by the need to promote the dissemination of pedagogical strategies that allow integration between active methodologies and educational technologies in higher education in the era of digital learning. The general objective is to contribute with the innovation of the teaching-learning processes of the university‘s teachers. The study has qualitative, descriptive and exploratory nature and started from the identification of the state of art on the subject, which arose from the bibliographic review. The initial results of the theoretical review indicated that flipped classroom approach allows integration between technologies and active methodologies, providing students with more autonomy about learning, therefore increasing their engagement in class. The research results showed that the model was unknown to most participants, but many of them identified aspects of classroom flip in their teaching practices, albeit only partially. The courseware served the purpose of disseminating basic information about the approach, evidencing that there was an understanding of the presented concepts. As for the training demands, the teachers considered Peer Instruction and Just-in-Time Teaching as the most interesting methodologies to flip their classrooms. On the other hand, interactive digital whiteboard, video and audio editing software, and screencast are the technologies that the teachers showed motivation in learning. Finally, active learning methodologies and hybrid teaching are the themes that most aroused the participants‘ interest on teacher training.