Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso de Especialização
A visão dos sujeitos internados em uma unidade de oncologia sobre o tratamento da dor: um enfoque no cotidiano
Nascimento, Nathalie da Costa
The present study is exploratory, descriptive and analytical with a qualitative approach. Its objective was to understand daily life from the point of view of the subjects undergoing oncological treatment and the interference of pain in the performance of their occupations. The research was carried out from September to November 2018 at a cancer unit of a university hospital in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul. Eight subjects (six men and two women) aged 55 to 75 years, over 18 years, using an alternative feeding route, with a confirmed oncological diagnosis. For the information collection, an instrument was used consisting of 29 open questions, including the use of Visual Analog Pain Scale (EVA), field diary and the proposal of representation of its pain by means of drawing. The information obtained was transcribed in its entirety and analyzed in the narrative analysis modality. The narratives reveal how limiting it is to live daily with pain and indicate how significant it is to be able to maintain performance in engagements that have been engaged throughout life. Therefore, in order to understand daily life, a qualified listening is necessary, recognizing what the other brings as a legitimate and singular need for health. Therefore, it is recommended the use of strategies that stimulate the creative potential, valuing the subject and its histories and pain relief with non-pharmacological strategies by the professionals, therefore, we will be closer to a model of integral health care.