AS VIVÊNCIAS DOS AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES CAMPONESES EM TRANSIÇÃO AGROECOLÓGICA NO MUNICÍPIO DE AGUDO, RS
CONTI, Valquiria. THE EXPERIENCES OF CAMPONES FARMERS FAMILY IN AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSITION IN AGUDO, RS. 2016. 135 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geociências) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2016.
The principal theme of this study is the family farmers experiences in the transition of conventional agriculture for ecological agriculture. This research is executes in the town of Agudo located in Rio Grande do Sul central region. Based in difference between conventional agriculture and ecological agriculture, the objective of this research is understand the farmer experiences in agro ecological transition and why they opted the agro ecological agriculture. More specifically, the research aims to meet the agro ecological strategies in family production units; characterize the experience and the production of farmers in agro ecological transition and understand how farmers are reproduced in the social sphere. In methodological terms, it is a qualitative research, which will make it will use tools such as systematic observation, semi-structured interview and field notebook. It is worth noting that the transition from conventional agriculture to organic agriculture or agro-ecological transition is an important social construction that arises from the knowledge of the limitations and risks in the current hegemonic agriculture model. This transition creates alternatives that support the agricultural transformation process with sustainable approach the agro ecological transition in Agudo town, takes place in families generally related to tobacco growing. These families have much interest in the increase of agricultural production with ecological basis. The work painfulness in tobacco cultivation brought harmful consequences for many families, as the family farm unit indebtedness and pathologies related to contact with the pesticides, which were cited by families during the field work. The families in question are taking the first step toward a transition to an eco-based model, which seeks to environmental sustainability and also the families living in rural areas. Therefore, it is necessary that these families are supported with community support and government institutions to enable them to qualify and expand its work.