Artículos de revistas
Critical phenomena in quasi-two-dimensional vibrated granular systems
Physical Review E Volumen: 97 Número: 1 Número de artículo: 012907
Soto Bertrán, Rodrigo
The critical phenomena associated to the liquid-to-solid transition of quasi-two-dimensional vibrated granular systems is studied using molecular dynamics simulations of the inelastic hard sphere model. The critical properties are associated to the fourfold bond-orientational order parameter chi(4), which measures the level of square crystallization of the system. Previous experimental results have shown that the transition of chi(4), when varying the vibration amplitude, can be either discontinuous or continuous, for two different values of the height of the box. Exploring the amplitude-height phase space, a transition line is found, which can be either discontinuous or continuous, merging at a tricritical point and the continuous branch ends in an upper critical point. In the continuous transition branch, the critical properties are studied. The exponent associated to the amplitude of the order parameter is beta = 1/2, for various system sizes, in complete agreement with the experimental results. However, the fluctuations of chi(4) do not show any critical behavior, probably due to crossover effects by the close presence of the tricritical point. Finally, in quasi-one-dimensional systems, the transition is only discontinuous, limited by one critical point, indicating that two is the lower dimension for having a tricritical point.