Artículo de revista
CT and physiologic determinants of dyspnea and exercise capacity during the six-minute walk test in mild COPD
Respiratory Medicine (2013) 107, 570e579
Díaz, Alejandro A.
Díaz Jeraldo, Juan
Ramos Gómez, Ángelo
Díaz Hinojosa, Rodrigo
Washko, George R.
Objectives: We aimed to explore physiological responses to the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and assess computed tomographic (CT) features of the lungs and thigh muscle in order to determine contributors to dyspnea intensity and exercise limitation in dyspneic and nondyspneic subjects with GOLD-1 COPD and controls. Methods: We compared Borg dyspnea ratings, ventilatory responses to 6MWT, and CT-measures of emphysema, airway lumen caliber, and cross-sectional area of the thigh muscle (RTMCT-CSA) in 19 dyspneic, 22 non-dyspneic, and 30 control subjects. Results: Dyspneic subjects walked less and experienced greater exertional breathlessness than non-dyspneic (105 m less and 2.4 Borg points more, respectively) and control subjects (94 m less and 2.6 Borg points more, respectively (P < 005 for all comparisons). At rest, dyspneic subjects had significant greater expiratory airflow obstruction, air trapping, ventilation/perfusion mismatch, burden of emphysema, narrower airway lumen, and lower RTMCT-CSA than comparison subjects. During walking dyspneic subjects had a decreased inspiratory capacity