Relación entre el consumo de bebidas azucaradas e indicadores de adiposidad en niños y adolescentes de Bogotá : estudio FUPRECOL 2014
Ruíz Castellanos Erika Johanna
Martínez Torres, Javier
Background and Purpose. Consumption of sugary drinks has become a topic of concern in terms of public health, due to its proven negative health effects and their allegedly relation to risk of overweight and obesity, especially in children and adolescents. In Latin America, there has been an increase in consumption in recent decades. In Colombia, increased consumption of sugary drinks is observed in people 9-30 years. The purpose of this study was to describe the association between the consumption of sugary drinks with markers of adiposity in children and adolescents of Bogota, Colombia. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 8. 136 children and adolescents between 9 and 17 years, belonging to twenty-eight public educational institutions of Bogotá, Colombia. Anthropometric variables such as weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference were measured; BMI was also estimated. Sugary drinks consumption was determined through the Fuprecol questionnaire. Other variables such as sex and age were considered. All data were collected through structured survey. Univariate analysis were made and associations were established by building simple models and multivariate binary logistic regression with confidence intervals at 95%. An exploratory analysis was conducted to determine the distribution of the percentages for each of the variables. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages were classified to determine the association between the variables and the frequency of consumption. Results. 63. 5% of participants had excess adiposity, which was higher in men (67. 1%) than women (60. 9%) were. 21. 4% of participants consumed daily soda / carbonated beverages, the largest consumption in adolescents (22. 4%). The Ji2 test showed a significant relation for age and BMI, suggesting that children and adolescents and BMI classification depend of overweight/obesity (p< 0, 001). Conclusions. Despite finding no association between consumption of sugary drinks with markers of adiposity in this population, frequency of daily consumption is high.