Eficacia de las intervenciones psicoeducativas en pacientes con esquizofrenia: una revisión sistemática
Romero Mercado, Zandie Julieth
Introduction: Schizophrenia is a chronic disease that produces cognitive impairment and varying degrees of disability. Within its treatment should be considered not only the pharmacological but also psychotherapeutic approach. Psychoeducation is a high potential therapeutic intervention in the management of patients with schizophrenia and important results especially in the cognitive area. Methods: Systematic review of the literature database items and hand searching of journals related to provide the best evidence. Was assessed methodological quality of the studies and these were organized in evidence tables. Results: Of 34 potential articles, two were finally selected for inclusion in the review. Were classified as evidence level I. Despite the ambiguity of the comparisons generally provide benefits psychoeducational interventions to decrease relapses and hospital readmissions. Discussion: The extensive range of comparisons, contributed in complexity to include studies for this review, in the same way, the lack of detail regarding specific aspects of the intervention used, resulted in limitations at the time to make comparisons. Psychoeducation provides benefits, but must take into account the cognitive impairment that accompanies the disease when evaluating outcomes of such interventions. Conclusion: Psychoeducational interventions play an important role in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. It is necessary to conduct more studies to more firmly consolidated scientific evidence in this particular area.