Artículos de revistas
A New Paradigm In The Periodontal Disease Progression: Gingival Connective Tissue Remodeling With Simultaneous Collagen Degradation And Fibers Thickening.
Tissue & Cell. v. 41, n. 1, p. 43-50, 2009-Feb.
Silva, J A F
Almeida, C A
Carvalho, H F
Stach-Machado, D R
Bacterial dental plaque is considered to be the main cause of periodontal diseases, but progression of the disease is also related to the host inflammatory response. The earliest affected tissue is the gingiva, but the specific mechanisms involved in the onset of this condition remain unclear. Frequently, collagen degradation is pointed as the main marker of periodontal disease progression, but the organization of the fibers in the gingival tissue is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the gingival extracellular matrix in a model of ligature-induced periodontal disease. Analysis of the microbiota indicated a progressive increase in the ratio of Gram-negative/Gram-positive microorganisms. There was no difference in the organization of reticulin fibers next to the epithelial basement membrane, whereas the arrangement of collagen fibers in the gingival connective tissue was significantly affected. Animals with inflammation presented a reduction of 35% in the total area occupied by collagen fibers. However, these fibers were thicker and more densely packed. These alterations involve type I, type III and type VI collagens as determined by immunohistochemistry. The results demonstrated the occurrence of marked reorganization of the gingival extracellular matrix in response to the inflammatory process, indicating a new paradigm in the periodontal disease progression: collagen degradation and fibers thickening, simultaneously.4143-50
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