Optimization analysis of dual-purpose systems
Desalination. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 250, n. 3, p. 936-944, 2010.
Ferreira, Eduardo Manfredini
Balestieri, José Antônio Perrella
Zanardi, Mauricio Araujo
This paper aims to analyze dual-purpose systems focusing the total cost optimization; a superstructure is proposed to present cogeneration systems and desalination technologies alternatives for the synthesis process. The superstructure consists of excluding components, gas turbines or conventional steam generators with excluding alternatives of supplying fuel for each combustion system. Also, backpressure or condensing/extraction steam turbine for supplying process steam could be selected. Finally one desalination unit chosen between electrically-driven or steam-driven reverse osmosis. multi-effect and multistage flash should be included. The analysis herein performed is based on energy and mass conservation equations, as well as the technological limiting equation of equipment. The results for ten different commercial gas turbines revealed that electrically-driven reverse osmosis was always chosen together with both natural gas and gasified biomass gas turbines. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.