Trabajo de grado - Maestría
Conflict, parenting and early childhood mental health evidence from a conflict setting - Tumaco, Colombia.
instname:Universidad de los Andes
reponame:Repositorio Institucional Séneca
Sánchez Ariza, Juliana
In this study, I study the effect of the exposure (or reduction in the exposure) to conflict-related violence on parental mental health, caregivers' parenting stress and responsive caregiving, and early childhood mental health. I use data collected from the impact evaluation of a psychosocial group intervention in Tumaco, Colombia, a community chronically affected by the armed conflict. Using an Instrumental Variables approach, I use the program's randomization into cohorts and staggered design of the data collection to exploit a natural experiment in which the armed groups in the municipality agreed to a Truce and municipal violence rates dropped between data collections. I find that the exposure to recent conflict-related violence had negative effects across the four main dimensions: worse parental mental health in 0.68 sd (SE=0.342 ; q-value=0.074), worse parenting stress in 0.76 sd (SE=0.389 ; q-value=0.074), worse responsive caregiving index in -1.023 sd (SE=0.434 ; q-value=0.074) and worse child mental health in 0.556 sd SE=0.343 ; q-value=0.074). By providing causal evidence on the direct effect of conflict-related violence on parenting outcomes, I conduct an exploratory mediation analysis to assess whether parental mental health, parenting stress and responsive caregiving behaviors may partially account for the association between violence and child mental health. Yet, correlational links between violence and parental mental health and parenting behavior outcomes as mediators suggest important associations for understanding children's mental health vulnerability in conflict settings.