Artículos de revistas
Cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties testing of the Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale (Icon-FES)
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy, v. 22, n. 4, p. 291-303, 2018.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
University of New South Wales
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH)
The University of Sydney
Background: The Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale (Icon-FES) is an innovative tool to assess concern of falling that uses pictures as visual cues to provide more complete environmental contexts. Advantages of Icon-FES over previous scales include the addition of more demanding balance-related activities, ability to assess concern about falling in highly functioning older people, and its normal distribution. Objective: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and to assess the measurement properties of the 30-item and 10-item Icon-FES in a community-dwelling Brazilian older population. Methods: The cross-cultural adaptation followed the recommendations of international guidelines. We evaluated the measurement properties (i.e. internal consistency, test–retest reproducibility, standard error of the measurement, minimal detectable change, construct validity, ceiling/floor effect, data distribution and discriminative validity), in 100 community-dwelling people aged ≥60 years. Results: The 30-item and 10-item Icon-FES-Brazil showed good internal consistency (alpha and omega >0.70) and excellent intra-rater reproducibility (ICC2,1 = 0.96 and 0.93, respectively). According to the standard error of the measurement and minimal detectable change, the magnitude of change needed to exceed the measurement error and variability were 7.2 and 3.4 points for the 30-item and 10-item Icon-FES, respectively. We observed an excellent correlation between both versions of the Icon-FES and Falls Efficacy Scale – International (rho = 0.83, p < 0.001 [30-item version]; 0.76, p < 0.001 [10-item version]). Icon-FES versions showed normal distribution, no floor/ceiling effects and were able to discriminate between groups relating to fall risk factors. Conclusion: Icon-FES-Brazil is a semantically and linguistically appropriate tool with acceptable measurement properties to evaluate concern about falling among the community-dwelling older population.