Artículos de revistas
Computational study of Th4+ and Np4+ hydration and hydrolysis of Th4+ from first principles
Journal of Molecular Modeling, v. 23, n. 3, 2017.
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
Universidade de Brasília (UnB)
The aqueous solvation of Th and Np in the IV oxidation state was examined using cluster models generated by Monte Carlo simulations and density functional theory embedded within the COSMO continuum model to approximate the effect of bulk water. Our results suggest that the coordination number (CN) for both Th(IV) and NP(IV) should be 9, in accordance to some experimental and theoretical results from the literature. The structural values for average oxygen–metal distances are within 0.01 Å compared to experimental data, and also within the experimental error. The calculated ΔGSol 0 are in very good agreement with experimental reported values, with deviations at CN = 9 lower than 1% for both Th(IV) and Np(IV). The hydrolysis constants are also in very good agreement with experimental values. Finally, our methodology has the advantage of using a GGA functional (BP86) that not only makes the calculations more affordable computationally than hybrid functional or ab initio molecular dynamics simulations (Car-Parrinello) calculations, but also opens the perspective to use resolution of identity (RI) calculations for more extended systems.