Artículos de revistas
Glycerol and Ethanol Oxidation in Alkaline Medium Using PtCu/C Electrocatalysts
International Journal Of Electrochemical Science. Belgrade: Esg, v. 13, n. 2, p. 1893-1904, 2018.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
IPEN CNEN SP
Univ Fed Amazonas
The performance of platinum-copper electrocatalysts synthesized in different ratios (100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, and 0:100), using a borohydride reduction method for electrochemical oxidation of different fuels, was evaluated in an alkaline direct alcohol fuel cell. X-ray diffraction of Pt/C and PtCu/C showed a face-centered cubic structure (fcc) of the platinum and its alloys. Transmission electron microscopy analysis allowed us to see a good dispersion of metallic particles with some regions with clusters of nanoparticles, for all the synthesised materials in the presence of copper. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry tests demonstrated that the PtCu/C (50:50) and PtCu/C (70:30) electrocatalysts exhibited the highest activity and stability for the glycerol and ethanol oxidation, respectively. The tests made in fuel cells, directly fed with glycerol and ethanol, presented the PtCu/C (90:10) electrocatalyst as the most effective on the oxidation reaction of the fuels when compared with Pt/C and Cu/C.