Artículos de revistas
A study on fibre addition to gluten free bread: its effects on bread quality and in vitro digestibility
Sciarini, Lorena Susana; Bustos Shmidt, Mariela Cecilia; Vignola, María Belén; Paesani, Candela; Salinas, C. N.; et al.; A study on fibre addition to gluten free bread: its effects on bread quality and in vitro digestibility; Association of Food Scientists and Technologists of India; Journal of Food Science and Technology; 54; 1; 1-2017; 244-252
Sciarini, Lorena Susana
Bustos Shmidt, Mariela Cecilia
Vignola, María Belén
Salinas, C. N.
Perez, Gabriela Teresa
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of fibre addition on gluten-free (GF) dough properties and bread technological quality, and on protein and starch in vitro digestibility. Soluble (Inulin, In) and insoluble fibres (oat fibre, OF, and type IV resistant starch, RSIV) were used at 5 and 10% substitution levels. Dough firmness increased when insoluble fibres were added, and decreased when In was used. Incorporation of insoluble fibres resulted into bread with a low specific volume (SBV) since firmer dough were more difficult to expand during proofing and baking. Staling rate was reduced after fibre addition, with the exception being OF 10%, as its lower SBV may have favoured molecule re-association. In general, protein and starch digestibility increased when fibres were added at 5%, and then decreased after further increasing the level. Fibres may have disrupted bread crumb structure, thus increasing digestibility, although the higher addition may have led to a physical and/or chemical impediment to digestion. Inulin has well-known physiological effects, while RS presented the most important effect on in vitro starch digestibility (GI). These results showed the possibility of adding different fibres to GF bread to decrease the GI and increase protein digestibility, while obtaining an overall high quality end-product.