Artículos de revistas
Regional forage production assessment in arid and semi-arid rangelands - A step towards social-ecological analysis
Easdale, Marcos Horacio; Aguiar, Martin Roberto; Regional forage production assessment in arid and semi-arid rangelands - A step towards social-ecological analysis; Academic Press Ltd - Elsevier Science Ltd; Journal of Arid Environments; 83; 8-2012; 35-44
Easdale, Marcos Horacio
Aguiar, Martin Roberto
Many of the complex issues worldwide regarding environmental management and sustainable develo-pment require integrating the social and natural sciences. Nevertheless, while theoretical discussions have been increasingly developed, operative issues are still major barriers to integrated social-ecological analysis. The aim of this paper was to assess regional forage production in semi-arid rangelands as a key feature in social-ecological analysis, by using human organizational units (i.e. counties). We used these state-administrative units to explore demographic and farming indicators in order to address socio-productive implications of different regional forage production dynamics. We studied the forage spatial and temporal dynamics in two different large ecological regions: Monte and Patagonia, under a single administrative unit (i.e. province). Since forage production estimations in arid rangelands are not trivial, we tested two different methods. We found that inter-annual variability in forage production explained the main differences between regions. At a regional level, zones with higher temporal variability in forage production registered less rural residents and farm numbers, but inverse situations were registered at sub-regional scales. We found a non-linear relationship between forage production variability and rural population density. We proposed differentiated policy recommendations regarding rangeland management and animal husbandry, considering both the social and ecological contexts. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.