Artículos de revistas
Steady-state target optimization designs for integrating real-time optimization and model predictive control
Marchetti, Alejandro Gabriel; Ferramosca, Antonio; González, Alejandro Hernán; Steady-state target optimization designs for integrating real-time optimization and model predictive control; Elsevier; Journal Of Process Control; 24; 1; 12-2013; 129-145
Marchetti, Alejandro Gabriel
González, Alejandro Hernán
In industrial practice, the optimal steady-state operation of continuous-time processes is typically addressed by a control hierarchy involving various layers. Therein, the Real-Time Optimization (RTO) layer computes the optimal operating point based on a nonlinear steady-state model of the plant. The optimal point is implemented by means of the Model Predictive Control (MPC) layer, which typically uses a linear dynamical model of the plant. The MPC layer usually includes two<br />stages: a Steady-State Target Optimization (SSTO) followed by the MPC dynamic regulator. In this work, we consider the integration of RTO with MPC in the presence of plant-model mismatch and constraints, by focusing on the design of the SSTO problem. Three different Quadratic Program (QP) designs are considered: (i) the standard design that finds steady-state targets that are as close as possible to the RTO setpoints; (ii) a novel optimizing control design that tracks the active constraints and the optimal inputs for the remaining degrees of freedom; and (iii) an improved QP approximation design were the SSTO problem approximates the RTO problem. The main advantage of the strategies (ii) and (iii) is in the improved optimality of the stationary operating points reached by the SSTO-MPC control system. The performance of the different SSTO designs is illustrated in simulation for several case studies.
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