Artículos de revistas
Laminin Modulates the Stem Cell Population in LM05-E Murine Breast Cancer Cells Through the Activation of the MAPK/ERK Pathway
Berardi, Damian Emilio; Raffo, Diego Alejandro; Todaro, Laura Beatriz; Simian, Marina; Laminin Modulates the Stem Cell Population in LM05-E Murine Breast Cancer Cells Through the Activation of the MAPK/ERK Pathway; Korean Cancer Association; Cancer Research and Treatment; 49; 4; 12-2016; 869-879
Berardi, Damian Emilio
Raffo, Diego Alejandro
Todaro, Laura Beatriz
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of laminin on the fraction of cells with self-renewing capacity in the estrogen-dependent, tamoxifen-sensitive LM05-E breast cancer cell line. We also determined whether laminin affected the response to tamoxifen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The LM05-E breast cancer cell line was used as a model for all experiments. Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, clonogenic and mammosphere assays were performed to measure the effects of laminin on modulation of the stem cell subpopulation. Pluripotent gene expression was analyzed by RT-PCR. The involvement of the MAPK/ERK pathway was determined using specific inhibitors. The effects of laminin on the response to tamoxifen were determined and the involvement of alpha-6 integrin was investigated. RESULTS: We found that pre-treatment with laminin leads to a decrease in cells with the ability to form mammospheres that was accompanied by a decrease in ALDH activity. Moreover, exposure of mammospheres to laminin reduced the capacity to form secondary mammospheres and decreased the expression of Sox-2, Nanog and Oct-4. We previously reported that 4-OH-tamoxifen leads to an increase in the expression of these genes in LM05-E cells. Treatment with signaling pathway inhibitors revealed that the MAPK/ERK pathway mediates the effects of laminin. Finally, laminin induced tamoxifen resistance in LM05-E cells through alpha 6 integrin. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the final number of cells with self-renewing capacity in estrogen-dependent breast tumors may result from the combined effects of endocrine treatment and microenvironmental cues.