Artículos de revistas
Reconstruction of the energy and depth of maximum of cosmic-ray air showers from LOPES radio measurements
Physical Review D,College Park : American Physical Society - APS,v. 90, n. 6, p. 062001-1-062001-14, Sept. 2014
Apel, W. D.
Souza, Vitor de
LOPES is a digital radio interferometer located at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, that measures radio emission from extensive air showers at MHz frequencies in coincidence with KASCADE-Grande. In this article, we explore a method (slope method) that leverages the slope of the measured radio lateral distribution to reconstruct crucial attributes of primary cosmic rays. First, we present an investigation of the method on the basis of pure simulations. Second, we directly apply the slope method to LOPES measurements. Applying the slope method to simulations, we obtain uncertainties on the reconstruction of energy and depth of shower maximum (Xmax) of 13% and 50 g/cm2, respectively. Applying it to LOPES measurements, we are able to reconstruct energy and Xmax of individual events with upper limits on the precision of 20%-25% for the primary energy and 95 g/cm2 for Xmax, despite strong human-made noise at the LOPES site.