Artículos de revistas
Semantic Dementia Versus Nonfluent Progressive Aphasia Neuropsychological Characterization and Differentiation
ALZHEIMER DISEASE & ASSOCIATED DISORDERS, PHILADELPHIA, v. 26, n. 1, supl. 1, Part 3, pp. 36-43, JAN-MAR, 2012
Carthery-Goulart, Maria Teresa
Knibb, Jonathan A.
Hodges, John R.
Background: Early progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA) may be difficult to differentiate from semantic dementia (SD) in a nonspecialist setting. There are descriptions of the clinical and neuropsychological profiles of patients with PNFA and SD but few systematic comparisons. Method: We compared the performance of groups with SD (n = 27) and PNFA (n = 16) with comparable ages, education, disease duration, and severity of dementia as measured by the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale on a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Principal components analysis and intergroup comparisons were used. Results: A 5-factor solution accounted for 78.4% of the total variance with good separation of neuropsychological variables. As expected, both groups were anomic with preserved visuospatial function and mental speed. Patients with SD had lower scores on comprehension-based semantic tests and better performance on verbal working memory and phonological processing tasks. The opposite pattern was found in the PNFA group. Conclusions: Neuropsychological tests that examine verbal and nonverbal semantic associations, verbal working memory, and phonological processing are the most helpful for distinguishing between PNFA and SD.