Heart Failure After Myocardial Infarction: Clinical Implications and Treatment
Clinical Cardiology. Malden: Wiley-blackwell, v. 34, n. 7, p. 410-414, 2011.
Minicucci, Marcos Ferreira
Gaiolla, Paula Schmidt Azevedo
Polegato, Bertha Furlan
Paiva, Sergio Alberto Rupp de
Zornoff, Leonardo Antonio Mamede
Heart failure is a frequent complication of myocardial infarction. Several factors, such as recurrent myocardial ischemia, infarct size, ventricular remodeling, stunned myocardium, mechanical complications, and hibernating myocardium influence the appearance of left ventricular systolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction. Importantly, its presence increases the risk of death by at least 3- to 4-fold. The knowledge of the mechanisms and clinical features are essential for the diagnosis and treatment of left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure after myocardial infarction. Therefore, this review will focus on the clinical implications and treatment of heart failure after myocardial infarction.