Nanotubos de carbono de paredes múltiplas dopados com nitrogênio e decorados com nanopartículas de paládio e suas aplicações em reações de catálise
The present work describes the synthesis of a new catalyst of palladium nanoparticles supported on multi-walled carbon nanotubes containing nitrogen (Pd@CNxNCPM) 1 and its use in carbon-carbon coupling reactions (Suzuki and Heck) as well as reactions catalytic hydrogenation (reduction of double C-C bonds and nitro compounds reduction). The synthetic strategy employed afforded the simple way to obtain the catalyst with reaction in a short time and efficiently. To this was employed as the palladium precursor, the salt potassium hexacloropalladate IV and hydrazine monohydrate as the reducing agent, without the need for stabilizing agents for the control of nucleation and size of nanoparticle. The catalyst system was characterized as its morphology: dispersion, size and shape of nanoparticles by scanning electron microscopy. Also the catalyst was performed Raman spectroscopy and determination of amount of palladium. After characterization the catalyst, it was tested for coupling reactions of carbon-carbon: Suzuki and Heck leading to the formation of their products with 70-> 95% for Suzuki coupling and 75-> 95% for Heck. For the synthesis in question were used 0.5 mol% of catalyst (based amount of palladium) for Suzuki and 10 mol% for Heck. It should be noted that the catalyst shown stable in the reaction conditions tested, and observed the possibility of reuse of this system for additional reaction cycles without loss of efficiency for the Suzuki coupling. Also, the catalyst was efficient and chemoselectiv for catalytic hydrogenations of unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds and nitro compounds leading to their products in good yields. Thus, the synthesized catalyst proved versatile and can be used in reactions of carbon-carbon coupling well as in catalytic reduction may also be recovered and reused, which provides an environmentally friendly at the same characteristic.