Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso de Especialização
Gestão escolar: ação participativa para melhoria da qualidade da educação
Ferreira, Rita Marta
This paper proposes to explain, through a qualitative research, which ways to go in search of a democratic participatory management to improve the quality of student learning. The area chosen for investigation was a public school located in Fortaleza/CE. For both a bibliographic research was performed to define some concepts about topics considered essential for effective democratic management, in this way, we tried to understand the legal mechanisms that underpin democratization of education systems, including the Federal Constitution/1988 when referring to the democratic management of education and LDB 9394/96, especially items that relate to school autonomy and community involvement in school and local decisions that involve the action taken at school. Searching for the definition of a democratic management led us to understand the concepts of democratic management and mechanisms which are references for the execution of this democracy, the role of school management that aims to be democratic, what instruments can guarantee this consolidation and who will be responsible. Who and how to involve all members of the institution turning it into a participatory space? This discussion led us to understand the role of collegiate bodies, especially the School Board, which has the function along with all school and local community, to prepare the Political-Pedagogical Project guiding instrument of democratic management. Based on this information began collecting information on the work done back in school community participation in decisions involving students’ learning, for it was used two instruments the interview and questionnaire, applied to the School Board members and representatives of the school community and guide for the analysis of administrative documents, built by the school. Research in sparked some reflections about the need for local community involvement in school decisions and also the difficulty in promoting the participation and shared responsibility by both management and the school community.