Collective intelligence and group performance
Woolley, Anita Williams
Malone, Thomas W.
We review recent research on collective intelligence, which we define as the ability of a group to perform a wide variety of tasks. We focus on two influences on a group's collective intelligence: (a) group composition (e.g., the members' skills, diversity, and intelligence) and (b) group interaction (e.g., structures, processes, and norms). We also call for more research to investigate how social interventions and technological tools can be used to enhance collective intelligence.