Artículos de revistas
Galectins: regulators of acute and chronic inflammation
Liu, Fu-Tong ; Rabinovich, Gabriel Adrian; Galectins: regulators of acute and chronic inflammation; Wiley; Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences.; 1183; 12-1-2010; 158-182
Rabinovich, Gabriel Adrian
B-galactoside-binding animal lectins, are differentially expressed by various immune cells, as well as a wide range of other cell types. Extracellularly, they are able to exhibit bivalent or multivalent interactions with cell surface glycans on various immune cells and exert various effects. These include cytokine and mediator production, cell adhesion, apoptosis, and chemoattraction. In addition, they can form lattices with cell surface glycoprotein receptors, resulting in modulation of receptor functions including clustering and endocytosis. Intracellularly, galectins can participate in signaling pathways and modulate biological responses. These include apoptosis, cell differentiation and cell migration. Thus, a large body of literature indicates that galectins play important roles in the immune and inflammatory responses through regulating the homeostasis and functions of immune cells. The use of mice deficient in individual galectins has provided additional evidence for these proteins’ contributions to these responses. Current research indicates that galectins play important roles in the development of acute inflammation as well as chronic inflammation associated with allergies, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis, infectious processes, and cancer. Thus, recombinant proteins or specific galectin inhibitors may be employed as therapeutic agents for inflammatory diseases.