Artículos de revistas
Local CFD kinetic model of cadmium vaporization during fluid bed incineration of municipal solid waste
Soria, Jose Miguel; Gauthier, Daniel ; Falcoz, Quentin ; Flamant, Gilles ; Mazza, German Delfor; Local CFD kinetic model of cadmium vaporization during fluid bed incineration of municipal solid waste; Elsevier Science; Journal of Hazardous Materials; 248-249; 3-2013; 276-284
Soria, Jose Miguel
Mazza, German Delfor
The emissions of heavy metals during incineration of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are a major issue to health and the environment. It is then necessary to well quantify these emissions in order to accomplish an adequate control and prevent the heavy metals from leaving the stacks. In this study the kinetic behavior of Cadmium during Fluidized Bed Incineration (FBI) of artificial MSW pellets, for bed temperatures ranging from 923 to 1073 K, was modeled. FLUENT 12.1.4 was used as the modeling framework for the simulations and implemented together with a complete set of user-defined functions (UDFs). The CFD model combines the combustion of a single solid waste particle with heavy metal (HM) vaporization from the burning particle, and it takes also into account both pyrolysis and volatiles? combustion. A kinetic rate law for the Cd release, derived from the CFD thermal analysis of the combusting particle, is proposed. The simulation results are compared with experimental data obtained in a lab-scale fluidized bed incinerator reported in literature, and with the predicted values from a particulate non-isothermal model, formerly developed by the authors. The comparison shows that the proposed CFD model represents very well the evolution of the HM release for the considered range of bed temperature.