Artículos de revistas
Arteriovenous fistula for chronic hemodialysis in pediatric candidates for renal transplantation: Technical details and refinements
PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANTATION, v.13, n.3, p.360-364, 2009
TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun
AVFs may be considered the best type of venous access for chronic hemodialysis in pediatric patients with more than 20 kg who are not likely to receive a kidney transplant or be transitioned to peritoneal dialysis within one yr. The aim of the study was to report the experience in the creation of AVFs in pediatric candidates for renal transplantation using microsurgical vascular techniques, with emphasis on the details of the surgical technique. Forty children underwent 50 fistula creations - 31 radial-cephalic, 11 brachial-cephalic, five brachial-basilic and three saphenous-femoral. The vein was anastomosed to the artery in an end-to-lateral fashion by using two separate 8/0 prolene running sutures. The overall patency rate was 76.0%:22 (70.9%) of the radial-cephalic fistulas, nine (81.8%) of the brachial-cephalic, five (100.0%) of the brachial-basilic and two (66.6%) of the saphenous-femoral. There was no significant difference in patency rates between the brachial-cephalic, brachial-basilic and radial-cephalic fistulas. The incidences of fistula patency were not different for patients weighing < 20 kg compared with patients weighing > 20 kg. AVF remains as a satisfactory method for providing hemodialysis in children. The utilization of microsurgical techniques with some technical refinements described herein permits the achievement of high fistula patency rates.