Artículos de revistas
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi In Phytoremediation Of Contaminated Areas By Trace Elements: Mechanisms And Major Benefits Of Their Applications.
World Journal Of Microbiology & Biotechnology. v. 31, n. 11, p. 1655-1664, 2015-Nov.
Soares, Claúdio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa
Giachini, Admir José
Siqueira, José Oswaldo
In recent decades, the concentration of trace elements has increased in soil and water, mainly by industrialization and urbanization. Recovery of contaminated areas is generally complex. In that respect, microorganisms can be of vital importance by making significant contributions towards the establishment of plants and the stabilization of impacted areas. Among the available strategies for environmental recovery, bioremediation and phytoremediation outstand. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are considered the most important type of mycorrhizae for phytoremediation. AMF have broad occurrence in contaminated soils, and evidences suggest they improve plant tolerance to excess of certain trace elements. In this review, the use of AMF in phytoremediation and mechanisms involved in their trace element tolerance are discussed. Additionally, we present some techniques used to study the retention of trace elements by AMF, as well as a summary of studies showing major benefits of AMF for phytoremediation.311655-1664