Artículos de revistas
[use Of A Thin Retrocardiac Drain After Open Heart Surgery. Description Of The Technique].
Arquivos Brasileiros De Cardiologia. v. 68, n. 3, p. 181-3, 1997-Mar.
Petrucci Júnior, O
de Oliveira, P P
Braile, D M
Vieira, R W
To describe a technique with a thin drainage system placed behind the heart, avoiding reoperation caused by tamponade due to pericardial effusion in patients who undergo open heart surgery. We studied 59 patients, average age of 50 years. Twenty-six (44%) patients had undergone CABG, 25 (42%) valvar procedures and 8 (14%) different procedures. The control group were 20 patients, average age 44 years. Nine (45%) underwent CABG, 6 (30%) valvar procedures and 5 (25%) other procedures. Every patient was submitted to echocardiographic study to verify presence of pericardial effusion after operation. There was one patient with pericardial effusion with 8mm in the study group. Six patients showed pericardial effusion in the control group. The control group had mean drainage flow of 320 +/- 110ml and average permanence time was 45 +/- 10h. The study group had mean drainage flow of 410 +/- 122ml, the average permanence time was 46 +/- 10h. There was statistic difference between both groups when we compared the frequency of pericardial effusion. This drainage system reduces pericardial effusion comparing with the literature and causes little discomfort to the patient. The fixed rule to remove the drains did not present more discomfort to the patient and there were no complications related to its permanence.68181-3