Artículos de revistas
Optimizing the use of dry cutting in rough turning steel operations
International Journal Of Machine Tools & Manufacture. Elsevier Sci Ltd, v. 44, n. 10, n. 1061, n. 1067, 2004.
de Oliveira, AJ
The main objective of using cutting fluids in machining operations is the reduction of temperature in the cutting region to increase tool life. However, the advantages offered by cutting fluids have been strongly debated because of their negative effects on the economic aspect, the environment and the health of workers using them. A trend to solve these problems is cutting without fluid, a method named dry cutting, which has been made possible due to technological innovations. This work aims to seek conditions in which dry cutting is satisfactory compared with the flood of fluid (called here wet cutting) usually used. Aiming at this goal, several experiments were carried out varying parameters such as cutting speed, feed, depth of cut and tool material in rough turning of ABNT 1045 steel in dry and wet cutting. The analysis of the results showed that wet turning is, as expected, better for tool life. The second conclusion is that dry cutting cannot be used with large depth of cut. But the main conclusion is that, if the tool material is changed to a more wear resistant one, dry cutting can be used with results very similar to those obtained with a flood of fluid. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.441010611067