Artículos de revistas
Rosiglitazone, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, protects against gastric ischemia-reperfusion damage in rats: role of oxygen free radicals generation
European Journal Of Pharmacology. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 505, n. 41699, n. 195, n. 203, 2004.
de la Lastra, CA
Peroxisome pro liferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a nuclear hormone receptor super family that has recently been implicated in atherosclerosis, inflammation, cancer, infertility, and demyelination. Oxidative stress, neutrophil infiltration, proinflammatory cytokines, and the exhibition of luminal acid play a role in the pathogenesis of gastric injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. Rosiglitazone, a specific PPAR-gamma ligand, has been shown to have anti inflammatory activity, but its effects on experimental ischemia-reperfusion gastric injury remain unknown. We have investigated the effects of the rosiglitazone on gastric injury caused by ischemia following reperfusion in rats. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels and changes in enzymatic activities of myeloperoxidase, as a marker of neutrophils infiltration, xanthine oxidase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase, were determined. Histological analysis of the lesions was also carried out. Pretreatment with 1 or 4 mg/kg of rosiglitazone ameliorated the gastric damage induced by clamping the celiac artery for 30 min followed by 60 min of reperfusion. It significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the index of neutrophil infiltration and the levels of the cytokine. Rosiglitazone did not revert the reduced glutathione peroxidase activity but enhanced significantly (P < 0.01) the decreased xanthine oxidase and superoxide dismutase activities in gastric mucosa of ischemic rats. In conclusion, rosiglitazone reduces the damage in ischemia-reperfusion gastric injury and alleviates the inflammatory response and the oxidative events. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.50541699195203