Artículos de revistas
Attenuation of hypertension, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and myocardial fibrosis by beta-adrenoceptor blockers in rats under long-term blockade of nitric oxide synthesis
Journal Of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 39, n. 2, n. 201, n. 207, 2002.
de Azevedo, AP
De Oliveira, CF
De Luca, IMS
De Nucci, G
The effects of propranolol and atenolol were investigated on arterial hypertension, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and ventricular ischaemic lesions induced by an 8-week treatment with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 20 mg/rat per day) in Wistar rats. Propranolol and atenolol (30 mg/rat per day each) were given in the drinking water concomitantly to L-NAME. Treatment with L-NAME induced marked arterial hypertension and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, both of which were significantly reduced by propranolol and atenolol. A marked repairing fibrosis was also observed in L-NAME-treated rats and this was significantly attenuated in animals receiving the beta-blockers. In L-NAME group, 33% mortality was observed, whereas all the animals from the other groups survived. Our study demonstrates that propranolol and atenolol reduce arterial hypertension, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis induced by L-NAME, suggesting that beta-blockers are of beneficial value in treatment of vascular and cardiac alterations caused by chronic nitric oxide deficiency.392201207