Artículos de revistas
Factors Associated With The Onset Of Hypertension In Women Of 50 Years Of Age Or More In A City In Southeastern Brazil [fatores Associados à Taxa Acumulada De Ocorrência De Hipertensão Em Mulheres Com 50 Anos Ou Mais Num Município Do Sudeste Brasileiro]
Revista Brasileira De Ginecologia E Obstetricia. Federacao Brasileira Das Sociedades De Ginecologia E Obstetricia, v. 36, n. 10, p. 467 - 472, 2014.
de Souza Santos Machado V.
de Sousa M.H.
PURPOSE: To evaluate factors associated with hypertension in Brazilian women of 50 years of age or more. METHODS: A cross-sectional population based study using self-reports. A total of 622 women were included. The association between sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral factors and the woman’s age at the onset of hypertension was evaluated. Data were analyzed according to cumulative continuation rates without hypertension, using the life-table method and considering annual intervals. Next, a Cox multiple regression analysis model was adjusted to analyze the occurrence rates of hypertension according to various predictor variables. Significance level was pre-established at 5% (95% confidence level) and the sampling plan (primary sampling unit) was taken into consideration. RESULTS: Median age at onset of hypertension was 64.3 years. Cumulative continuation rate without hypertension at 90 years was 20%. Higher body mass index (BMI) at 20-30 years of age was associated with a higher cumulative occurrence rate of hypertension over time (coefficient=0.078; p<0.001). Being white was associated with a lower cumulative occurrence rate of hypertension over time (coefficient=-0.439; p=0.003), while smoking >15 cigarettes/day was associated with a higher rate over time (coefficient=0.485; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study highlight the importance of weight control in young adulthood and of avoiding smoking in preventing hypertension in women aged ≥50 years.3610467472Kearny, P.M., Whelton, M., Reynolds, K., Muntner, P., Whelton, P.K., He, J., Global burden of hypertension: Analysis of worldwide data (2005) Lancet, 365 (9455), pp. 217-223Lebrão, M.L., Duarte, Y.A.O., SABE-Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento: O projeto SABE no município de São Paulo: Uma abordagem inicial [Internet]. 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