Prevalencia y factores asociados al sobrepeso/obesidad en una población en Medellín-Colombia
Hernández Arenas, Juliana Andrea
Martínez Barrera, Diana María
Introduction: Obesity and overweight are complex and multifactorial diseases. Objective: To determine the prevalence and sociodemographic, anthropometric, clinical and lifestyle factors for obesity/overweight in a population sample from 18 to 65 years old in Medellín - Colombia in 2011. Methodology: quantitative, observational, descriptive methodological approach, including1356 records from the STEPwise survey developed in Medellín in 2011 Results: The proportion of overweight women is almost 50% compared to 38% in men, overweight occurs mainly in the population over 55 years, in the overweight / obese population low HDL levels are evident, in addition to high levels of glucose with an OR 1,027 (IC:1,017 - 1,036) and total cholesterol, as well as tobacco consumption, represent a doble risk with an OR of 2,017 (IC:1,479 - 2,751) and within the sociodemographic characteristics it was found that being a student increased the probability of having the entities under study, while being married is a protective factor. Conclusions: The risk factors associated with overweight and obesity for the population studied are low HDL, high total cholesterol, high glucose, and cigarette consumption; Many of these factors are modifiable, so the results of this research should be consulted by the competent entities and used for the development of public health strategies aimed at the prevention of risk factors and therefore to the reduction of overweight and obesity.