Artículo de revista
Mitochondrial permeability transition pore contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction in fibroblasts of patients with sporadic Alzheimer's disease
Redox Biology, Volumen 19,
Pérez, María José
Ponce, Daniela P.
Behrens Pellegrino, María Isabel
Quintanilla, Rodrigo A.
© 2018 The Authors In the last few decades, many reports have suggested that mitochondrial function impairment is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although AD is a neurodegenerative disorder, mitochondrial damage is also present in patients’ peripheral tissues, suggesting a target to develop new biomarkers. Our previous findings indicate that AD fibroblasts show specific defects in mitochondrial dynamics and bioenergetics, which affects the generation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Therefore, we explored the possible mechanisms involved in this mitochondrial failure. We found that compared with normal fibroblasts, AD fibroblasts had mitochondrial calcium dysregulation. Further, AD fibroblasts showed a persistent activation of the non-specific mitochondrial calcium channel, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Moreover, the pharmacological blockage of mPTP with Cyclosporine A (CsA) prevented the increase of mitochondrial superoxide levels, and significantly im