Avaliação da fase de recuperação após exercício resistido em idosos e jovens : análise da modulação autonômica cardíaca
Monteiro, Clara Italiano
Aging is a complex, dynamic and progressive process characterized by morphological, functional, biochemical, psychological and social age-related changes. These changes occur progressively and lead the individual to gradual reduction of their adaptability and performance skills, making them more vulnerable to intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Resistance training is recommended for elderly people as a promising intervention to prevent or reverse, at least partially, the effects caused by this process. However, the number of studies that address cardiovascular variables behavioral patterns during the recovery period after resistance exercise in the elderly is still limited, despite the potentially useful information that might arise from this observation. In this context, the aim of the present proposal is to analyze the response of the response of heart rate variability (HRV) to resistance exercise during the recovery period (6 minutes) in elderly and young subjects. Volunteers will undergo three visits: 1. ramp type exercise test on a cycle ergometer (clinic avaluation); 2. one maximum repetition (MR) test and 3. A test at an intensity of 70% and 90% of 1RM, on the Leg Press 45º device. The records of the heart frequency (HR) was collected throughout the tests. Our hypothesis is that cardiovascular adjustments, investigated through HRV analysis, will be attenuated in the elderly when compared to young subjects. The results were compared using two-way repeated-measures ANOVA. A significant difference was found between elderly and young during the recovery phase for Mean RR, LF n.u., DFA1 and DFA2. Our findings show that the elderly present higher sympathetic modulation during RE recovery when compared to young subjects, which might be indicative of an attenuated response to exercise in this population.