AGROINDÚSTRIA NO MEIO RURAL CONSTRUINDO RURALIDADES
HUNDERTMARCK, Isimar Stefenon. AGROINDUSTRY IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENT BUILDING RURALITIES. 2009. 110 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geociências) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2009.
Hundertmarck, Isimar Stefenon
The proposal of this study concerns an investigative element in the context of studies about socio spatial dynamics, focusing on the constituting features of the rural space and its rurality. It also focuses on the possibilities of formation of social capital for the integrated local development, where rural and urban spaces permeate themselves through mutual relations. The conception about new ruralities not only fed this proposal, but also increased the distance of older definitions, in which the rural environment was highlighted as hinterland, defined as a region of a dominating (urban) center, continuously expanding over its regional space. The general objective of the study was to determine such rural location, as a means to reach the new rurality under-construction, following transformations coming from the socio spatial dynamics of such geographical environment and of its mutating spatiality due to the globalization process, in the age of technical acceleration and use of scientific measures. Such objective also aimed at explaining, at least partly, the presence of diversity and of multiple pluriactive activities in the area of Santa Flora district, in Santa Maria, RS, in order to find elements that point out existing social capital. Technical methodological procedure was used and applied on the considered system, allowing to recognize the subsystems and its indicators that establish, through theirs dynamics, the structure and processes of the spatial systems and that are responsible for the determination of functions and forms, according to this course of dynamics to which such spatiality is submitted. The current rural space is materially and culturally prevailing over the past conception, although such overcoming process does not reach the total society, since it is a process that is not exempted from the contradictions of the capitalist system. The diverse offer of services, activities, places and establishments in the rural environment indicate the other pole of the consuming process, in which different kinds of interests towards the rural space are condensed on the demand. Such a process inserts the current characteristics of pluriactivity and multifunctionality that are added to the existing activities in the rural environment. In the imbricated relations with the cities, it will be possible to build a strategy of expansion and articulation in the rural environment. The renewal of discussions about rurality and its dynamics to reach the absolute development of social groups contained in it and that build it, demands besides overcoming the rural urbanization myth, focusing on the rapid changes that obey the dynamics of the technical mutations age of life and production changes, on the interferences of the environment that lay new elements, transforming the existing ones and suppressing others, putting on a new face that can be translated by ruralities in a constant movement.