AS TRAJETÓRIAS FORMATIVAS E OS MOVIMENTOS CONTRUTIVOS DA PROFESSORALIDADE ALFABETIZADORA
POWACZUK, Ana Carla Hollweg. THE EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORY AND THE CONSTRUCTIVE MOVEMENTS OF LITERACY TEACHERS TEACHING PRACTICE. 2008. 155 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2008.
Powaczuk, Ana Carla Hollweg
This study is inserted in the Education, Knowledge and Professional Development research area in the Post-Graduation Program Masters in Education from the Federal University of Santa Maria. Based on the theoretical branches which involve studies such as Vigotsky (2003, 2005), Leontiev (1988, 1989, 1984), Pereira (2000), Bolzan (2001, 2002a), Isaia (2003a, 2005), Bolzan & Isaia (2004, 2005, 2006), Tardif (2002) among others, we aimed to understand the processes engendered in the constitution of literacy teaching practice. Therefore, we opted to work with the socio-cultural qualitative research approach (Vygotsky:1994, Baktin:1992, Freitas:2002, Bolzan:2002,2006), based on the analysis of the narratives of four literacy teachers from Santa Maria Public System of Municipal Education. Towards this, the reflection about the educational trajectory of those teachers allows us to affirm that the process of literacy teaching constitution is seen as a movement originated from the activity of producing oneself as a teacher, that is, it is resulted from the organization and reorganization of actions and operations in the teaching exercise, which characterizes as a transforming action of the teaching activity in an activity which is oriented to literacy teaching practice. In such transformation process we identified the configuration of three movements: initially, a backwardness movement perpassed by resistance actions and insecurities generated by the consciousness of the lack of competence to accomplish what is presented as necessary, as well as the predominance of the reproductive dimension in the literacy teaching activity that is characterized by the repetition of something which already exists because of the lack of elements/ experiences which could enable them to face the demands that are constituted beyond the non-critical reproduction of socially instituted models of literacy teaching; a second movement named reorganization movement, which is characterized by the a manifestation of a more self-reliant posture of the teachers, in which we notice the configuration of actions and operations directed to the production of a difference, based on the emergency of the creative dimension of the activity of produce oneself as a teacher, allowing us to characterize the configuration of an activity directed to the literacy teaching practice reaching the third, which was named as the production of a difference, characterized by the transformations in the teachers literacy teaching action. The manifestation of such movements came to be in different intensities for each of the teachers that were participants of this study, which allowed us to indicate that the development process of the literacy teaching is linked to the rebuilding process of the experiences lived by the teachers on their educational trajectory, assuming a preponderant role to the mobilization of the subject towards the amplification of his experiential field based on the exchange of ideas, knowledge and literacy teaching deed, making possible the emergency of the creative dimension of the activity of producing oneself as a literacy teacher and, thus, the development of an activity oriented to the literacy teaching practice.