Servocontrole de velocidade aplicado a motores de indução monofásicos sem sensores mecânicos
VIEIRA, Rodrigo Padilha. Servo control of speed applied to single-phase induction motors without speed sensor. 2008. 115 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia Elétrica) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2008.
Vieira, Rodrigo Padilha
This work proposes a sensorless speed control applied to single-phase induction motors (SPIM). The objective is to present an alternative for variable speed single-phase motor drives for residencial applications, which operate mostly with constant speed. For contextualization in the actual scenario, firstly a bibliographic review about variable speed operation of single-phase induction motors is presented. After, the mathematical model that represents the single-phase induction motor dynamic behavior is developed, and following, the model validation to obtain the electrical parameters is done with classical experimental tests. Then, a field orientation technique applied to single-phase induction motors is presented, where a new mathematical model is developed for the application of this technique in this motor. Also, this work proposes a method of single-phase induction motors rotor speed estimation using an MRAS (Model Reference Adaptive System) algorithm, based on the calculation of the motor s reactive power. So, some simulation results are presented for the validation of the proposed estimation technique. The speed controller used is a discrete PI because the simplicity of its implementation. Two discrete PI s controllers are used for current control. Finally, experimental results obtained in a computer based environment are presented to validate the proposed techniques with and without rotor speed sensor.