ANÁLISE DE TORRES DE LT CONSIDERANDO A INTERAÇÃO SOLO-ESTRUTURA
MILANI, Alisson Simonetti. THE SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION IN TRANSMISSION LINES LATTICED STEEL TOWERS ANALYSES. 2012. 198 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia Civil) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2012.
Milani, Alisson Simonetti
The mechanical model usually adopted in the design of transmission lines (TL) latticed steel towers is very simple, using spatial truss and frame elements, and solved by a linear static or non-linear geometric analysis. In the event of rupture of a conductor cable or a shield wire the loading is considered through static equivalent loads , and foundations are usually modeled how undeformable supports. This work evaluated the response of two TL latticed steel towers subjected to the cable rupture, considering the influence of foundation flexibility in the model and type of analysis, i. e., with a dynamic analysis in time domain and a static analysis with the static equivalent loads , usually adopted in design practice. In dynamic analysis, direct explicit numerical integration of the equations of motion in the time domain was adopted, using the central finite differences scheme, and the model included all components of a TL: the towers, the conductor cables, the shield wires, the insulator strings and the foundation elements, in order to evaluate the influence of boundary conditions on the results. Finally, the results of dynamic analysis of towers, in terms of displacements at the top, support reactions and maximum loads in some selected bars are compared with the results of static analysis.